A short guide to the ancient site of Naga (Sudan)

    Leave the hustle and bustle of the centre of Khartoum behind you by driving on the asphalt road north toward Atbara. On the way you will pass two toll stations - about 3 km after the second toll station you will find a sign on the right side of the road leading you onto a dirt road running south-east. The extraordinary experience of a visit to Naga begins right here on this dirt road, where you leave the 21' century behind and immerse yourself in the timeless steppe landscape.

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    Hamadab - Urban living at the Nile in Meroitic times

    The landscape on the eastern bank of the Nile in the heartland of the Meroitic kingdom appears as a rather unimposing flat stretch of fertile land. Three kilometres south of the ancient capital of Meroe, near the village of Hamadab, the attentive visitor will find two gentle sandy mounds with bricks and pottery sherds scattered on their surface. Both mounds rise about four metres above the surrounding fields.

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    Kawa - The Pharaonic and Kushite town of Gematon History and archaeology of the site

    While the civilisation of ancient Egypt was developing downstream of the First Cataract of the Nile far to the south a new power was arising in the northern Dongola Reach of what is now the Republic of Sudan. That region had been settled for many millennia by hunter gatherers who gradually turned to animal husbandry with the domestication of cattle, sheep and goats in particular and to agriculture by the Neolithic period, in that region dated to approximately 4900-3000 BC.

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    Life in the Heart of Nubia - Abri, Amara East and Ernetta Island

    Abri is a vibrant town in the centre of the Sikoot region. It has local government offices, a souq (market), bank, hospital and secondary schools. But it was not like this before. Can you imagine what life was like 50, 100, 1,000 or even 3,000 years ago?

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    Amara West - Living in Egyptian Nubia

    As pharaoh’s armies pushed up the Nile river into Nubia around 1550 BC, through a spectacular landscape of cataracts, mountains, islands and deserts, they set into motion the latest episode in a long history of conflict, trade and migration between Egypt and Nubia.  Cultural entanglement – an exchange of ways of living – rather than domination, would be the result.

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    Wadi Abu Dom and its archaeological sites

    The extensive desert enclosed by the Great Bend of the Nile, between the city of Omdurman and the town of Korti in Sudan, is called the Bayuda. The landscape includes rocky areas, sandy plateaus and broad wadis, which conduct seasonal rainfall to the Nile, the most important being, from west to east, the Wadi Muqqadam and the Wadi Abu Dom.

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    El-Ga’ab Depression - Tours in the Desert

    El-Ga’ab Depression is located south to the third cataract in the western bank of the River Nile parallel to Dongola reach in northern Sudan. It extends at
    about 123 km in the desert in the southwest direction and it departs away from the Nile when heading to the south.

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    A new protective shelter for the Royal Baths at Meroë (Sudan)

    In Meroë, the capital of the Kingdom of Kush in the middle Nile valley, an extraordinary hydraulic facility was built directly next to the royal palaces: the so-called Royal Baths. Dating from around the turn of the first millennium, the complex of buildings is an outstanding example of cultural transfer between the African kingdom and the Hellenistic-Roman cultures of the Mediterranean.


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