• Probable days to spend at site.
  • Secure camping in the open.
  • Camel tours in and around site.
  • End-tour camel racing contest
  • Walking tour.
  • Visiting local inhabitants.
  • Visiting neighboring sites.  
  • Cooking own food at site
  • Awareness of community basic needs.(without disturbing the site assets)
  • Raising revenue to the community.  (local tents, rent rooms, services…)
  • Promoting community small enterprises.( embroideries, artifacts, hand-made  objects and the like)
  • Recommending a small ambulatory exhibition from time to time to the community.
  • Advocating a small local museum on site for community awareness and need. (That may even help create local tour guides)


Meroe Visitor Center

The island of Meroe is the region comprised between the Nile, the Blue Nile and the River Atbara in the Republic of Sudan. This is the heartland of the Meroitic Civilization (4th Century BC – 4th Century AD).

Read More (.pdf .24mb)

Sanam Abu Dom

The site of Sanam owes its name to a large statue (sanam) anciently found in the wadi Abu dom that crosses the town.  The archaeological area, reported by 19th century travelers, was first excavated extensively and methodically by LL Griffith on behalf of the Oxford University at the beginning of the 20th century.

Read More (.pdf 1mb)

Al Damer Region

Nile Valley University Archaeological Project of Al Damer Region (NAPD) is a research, documentary, training, developmental, and salvage project for the archaeological sites, located in Al Damer, Atbara, and Shendi localities in Nile Valley State. The sites are confined between the area of Al Fadlab to the North, and Al Kimair to the South, longitudinally extending on 82 kilometers on the western bank of the Nile; and between Al Damer to the North and Um Ali to the South, longitudinally extending on 67 kilometers on the eastern bank of the Nile. It also transversely extends on 10 kilometers from the Nile on both banks. landscape.

Read More (.pdf 1.3mb)

A short guide to the ancient site of Naga (Sudan)

Leave the hustle and bustle of the centre of Khartoum behind you by driving on the asphalt road north toward Atbara. On the way you will pass two toll stations - about 3 km after the second toll station you will find a sign on the right side of the road leading you onto a dirt road running south-east. The extraordinary experience of a visit to Naga begins right here on this dirt road, where you leave the 21' century behind and immerse yourself in the timeless steppe landscape.

Read More (.pdf 13mb)

Hamadab - Urban living at the Nile in Meroitic times

The landscape on the eastern bank of the Nile in the heartland of the Meroitic kingdom appears as a rather unimposing flat stretch of fertile land. Three kilometres south of the ancient capital of Meroe, near the village of Hamadab, the attentive visitor will find two gentle sandy mounds with bricks and pottery sherds scattered on their surface. Both mounds rise about four metres above the surrounding fields.

Read More (.pdf 7.2mb) 
Kawa - The Pharaonic and Kushite town of Gematon History and archaeology of the site

While the civilisation of ancient Egypt was developing downstream of the First Cataract of the Nile far to the south a new power was arising in the northern Dongola Reach of what is now the Republic of Sudan. That region had been settled for many millennia by hunter gatherers who gradually turned to animal husbandry with the domestication of cattle, sheep and goats in particular and to agriculture by the Neolithic period, in that region dated to approximately 4900-3000 BC.

Read More (.pdf 4.9mb)

Life in the Heart of Nubia - Abri, Amara East and Ernetta Island

Abri is a vibrant town in the centre of the Sikoot region. It has local government offices, a souq (market), bank, hospital and secondary schools. But it was not like this before. Can you imagine what life was like 50, 100, 1,000 or even 3,000 years ago?

Read More (.pdf 3mb)
Amara West - Living in Egyptian Nubia

As pharaoh’s armies pushed up the Nile river into Nubia around 1550 BC, through a spectacular landscape of cataracts, mountains, islands and deserts, they set into motion the latest episode in a long history of conflict, trade and migration between Egypt and Nubia.  Cultural entanglement – an exchange of ways of living – rather than domination, would be the result.

Read More (.pdf 8.0mb)
Wadi Abu Dom and its archaeological sites

The extensive desert enclosed by the Great Bend of the Nile, between the city of Omdurman and the town of Korti in Sudan, is called the Bayuda. The landscape includes rocky areas, sandy plateaus and broad wadis, which conduct seasonal rainfall to the Nile, the most important being, from west to east, the Wadi Muqqadam and the Wadi Abu Dom.

Read More (.pdf 18.7mb) 
El-Ga’ab Depression - Tours in the Desert

El-Ga’ab Depression is located south to the third cataract in the western bank of the River Nile parallel to Dongola reach in northern Sudan. It extends at
about 123 km in the desert in the southwest direction and it departs away from the Nile when heading to the south.

Read More (.pdf 1.3mb) 



A new protective shelter for the Royal Baths at Meroë (Sudan)

In Meroë, the capital of the Kingdom of Kush in the middle Nile valley, an extraordinary hydraulic facility was built directly next to the royal palaces: the so-called Royal Baths. Dating from around the turn of the first millennium, the complex of buildings is an outstanding example of cultural transfer between the African kingdom and the Hellenistic-Roman cultures of the Mediterranean.


Read More (.pdf 3mb) 

Bio archaeology of Nubia Expedition (BONE) ,( QSAP 17)

In February 2015, a previously undocumented fort was discovered
within the Arizona State University (ASU) Bioarchaeology
of Nubia Expedition (BONE) concession. Located
in the region of el-Qinifab, approximately 580km north of
Khartoum and 34km west of Abu Hamed, the ASU concession
covers more than 90km2 with roughly 200 recorded sites
to date including Palaeolithic scatters, Mesolithic to Kerma
period habitation sites, early Kerma through Christian period
cemeteries, historic sites, as well as rock art and rock gongs.


Read More (.pdf 3mb) 





UCL Qatar has presented to the Museum of Islamic Art library and Qatar National Library a new children’s book that brings to life innovative and ground breaking archaeological work being done at the ancient Royal City of Meroe, as part of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project (QSAP).

Called “Sudan’s Ancient History: Hwida and Maawia Investigate Meroe’s Iron”, the book follows two young characters as they uncover how ancient people produced iron. One hundred copies of the book will be placed in the Doha libraries for children and families from across Qatar to enjoy and learn about QSAP. As part of the ongoing community outreach programme in Sudan, hundreds of books were also handed out to children living around Meroe and placed in the libraries of local schools.

The books were given to MIA and QNL as part of a ceremony hosted at QNL, which was attended by HE the ambassador of the Republic of Sudan, Fathalrahman Ali Mohammed and Dr Abdelrahman Ali, Director General of the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums in Sudan (NCAM).
Susan Parker, Head Librarian at the Museum of Islamic Art and Dr. Jane Humphris, Head of the UCL-Q archaeological mission at Meroe

Sudan’s Ancient History marks the latest community engagement endeavor by UCL Qatar’s QSAP project. Funded by Qatar Museums (QM), QSAP is an extensive, targeted initiative by to support the exploration and protection of Sudan’s culture and history. Led by the states of Sudan and Qatar, this international project has over 40 missions engaged in the excavation and conservation of ancient sites in Sudan.

Author of the book and Head of UCL Qatar Research in Sudan, Dr Jane Humphris, said: “Here at UCL Qatar, we believe that the role of archeologists is not just to discover the past through excavations, but also to make sure that the work we are doing is accessible. We hope that the book continues to be used as an educational tool – both in Sudan and Qatar – so that we can inspire the next generation to become more interested in preserving, protecting, and promoting cultural heritage.”

Professor Thomas Leisten, Director of International Heritage Sites Protection, Archeology and Conservation Division at QM, who spoke at the event, said: “Children are the biggest visitors to Sudan’s archaeological sites – either as part of school visits or on vacation and this book is a great tool to help them learn about Sudan’s past civilizations and cultures. If you don’t explain the work being done at a local level, the opportunity of informing future generations can too often be missed. This goes to the core of what QSAP is about - increasing knowledge and accelerating the reconstruction of civilizations and culture.”

Speaking about UCL Qatar’s accomplishments in Sudan, Dr. Abdelrahman said: “This mission is helping to bring to light the significant role that iron production played in the history of the Kingdom of Kush. Publishing this children’s book is an important achievement and I welcome the idea of educating the next generation and leaders of our country by raising awareness about the cultural heritage and its importance in Sudan.”

Dr. Abdelrahman went on to express his gratitude for QSAP: “I would like to take this opportunity to thank on behalf of the government of Sudan, the State of Qatar and Qatar Museums, the sponsor of QSAP, which made most of these achievements possible. I would also like to express my sincere thanks and gratitude to Dr. Jane and her team at UCL Qatar for the excellent and continuous effort to uncover and present Sudan’s rich heritage for people around the world.”

For the last six years, UCL Qatar has been carrying out archaeological work at the ancient Royal City of Meroe, on the east bank of the river Nile. UCL Qatar’s most recent work as part of QSAP includes the discovery of early iron production workshops, and extensive research and conservation at the Apedemak Temple, one of the most import religious locations at the Royal City.  



A Presentation of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project organized by the Qatari Embassy in Berlin and Qatar Museums, September 2017
19 September 2017

At the invitation of Qatar’s ambassador to Germany, HE Sheikh Saoud Bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, the Division of Cultural Heritage at Qatar Museums together with the Qatari embassy organized a roundtable presentation and discussion on the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project at the embassy’s newly inaugurated cultural center “The Diwan” in Berlin-Zehlendorf. HE the Ambassador declared the Roundtable also to be part of the series of events celebrating the Qatar-Germany Year of Culture. 

To organize the event, the Division of Cultural Heritage contacted several Berlin-based archaeologists from the German Archaeological Institute, Humboldt University and the State Museum for Egyptian Art in Munich, all of whom work under the umbrella of QSAP at sites belonging to Sudan’s World Heritage Site “The Island of Meroe” (i.e. the “Qatari Mission for the Pyramids of Sudan at Meroe”, the “Royal Baths,” the “Hamadab Project”, “Musawwarat” and “Naga Archaeological Site”).

The program included a welcoming speech of the HE the Ambassador, remarks by the ambassador of Sudan in Germany, HE Badreldin Abdalla, a keynote delivered by CAO Ali Jassim Al Kubaisi, a presentation on purpose and organization of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project by Thomas Leisten, and a series of brief presentations on selected sites and projects delivered by Prof. Dietrich Wildung, Dr. Pawel Wolf, Dr. Simone Wolf and Dr. Hans-Ulrich Onasch. A video on the heritage of Sudan that had been produced by the Sudanese embassy ended the presentations.

In its aftermath, a lively discussion developed over the question in which way the sites under excavation could be made more attractive to potential visitors, and various opinions were voiced from among both the presenters and the interested audience.

The Roundtable, envisioned for not more than 30 persons, was attended by over sixty individuals, among them HE Dr. Mustapha Adib, Dean of the Arab Diplomatic Corps and Ambassador of Lebanon, HE João Mira Gomez, Ambassador of Portugal, Prof. Ricardo Eichmann, German Archaeological Institute, as well as representatives of the German press and Qatari media (Al Jazeera: https://youtu.be/4EVq6mZLxvU).

Prior to the evening, the Division of Cultural Heritage had produced a booklet in both English and Arabic that highlighted the achievements of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project at the two Sudanese World Heritage Sites Meroe and Jebel Barkal. Of this booklet, ca. 400 copies were delivered to the embassy and distributed among the guests.

The Royal Baths at Meroe (QSAP-21)

Achievements of the season 2018/2019

The construction of a new shelter is the main objective of the work at the Royal Baths since 2013 in frame of QSAP. It will protect and much better present this exceptional Meroitic site to the visitors.

Read More


At the moment when we organize with NCAM the transfer of the concession of El-Hassa to the Louvre Museum, the seventeenth campaign on the site and the fifth one in the frame of the project QSAP-A-24 took place between the 22nd of October and the 22nd of December 2018.

Read More

Opening of the Beit Abri lil-Turath

Through the generous support of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project, and specifically its remit to ensure community engagement as an output of archaeological missions, the Beit Abri lil-Turath (Abri House of Heritage, in Nubian: Abrkin Sirin Nog) was opened on 9 March 2019. The introductory panel acknowledges the support of NCAM and QSAP.

Read More

QSAP 19 – The Berber-Abidiya Archaeological Project - Dangeil

Excavations are being conducted within the temenos enclosure of a 1st century AD Amun temple at Dangeil, River Nile State, as the QSAP 19 mission is focusing upon the sacred landscape of the late Kushite period in the Berber-Abidiya region.

Read More

SANAM ABU DOM – Field season 2918-2919
Irene Vincentelli

The fieldwork season on the site of Sanam Abu Dom took place in the months of November 2018 and February-March 2019.

Read More


The Neolithic Mission (QSAP-06) further pursues research previously conducted by Jacques Reinold, on Middle Neolithic sites (5th millennium BC), in the Kadruka area (Northern Dongola Reach, Northern State). Since 2014, the present mission is a joint QSAP-SFDAS-NCAM-French CNRS operation, directed by Dr. O. Langlois, Dr. P. Chambon and Dr. P. Sellier.

Read More

The Swiss-Franco-Sudanese Mission of Kerma-Dukki Gel (Northern State, Sudan)

The Swiss-Franco-Sudanese joint mission began on 26 November 2017 and ended on 9 February 2018. The fieldwork took place from 4 December 2017 until 5 February 2018

Read More

Roundtable on Tourism in Sudan at the Arabic Cultural House,
the “Divan”, of the embassy of Qatar in Berlin, September 27, 2018

Over the past five years, the concerted efforts of more than 40 international projects concerned with archaeological excavations, the conservation of ancient monuments, and the building of visitor centres, museums and touristic infrastructure, have proven to be a game-changer for the touristic landscape of Sudan.

Read More

Early Meroitic art and architecture
at Musawwarat es-Sufra

The Musawwarat Project is a long-term archaeological project at Musawwarat es-Sufra, located about 180 km north of Khartoum run by the Department of Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

Read More

The Annual Sudan Archaeological Research Society’s Colloquium
and the QSAP Scientific Board Meeting in London

The Society organizes every year a one-day international colloquium on recent archaeological fieldwork in Sudan. During this year’s colloquium, held on May 10 in the British Museum, scholars presented nine papers, the majority of which offered new results about ongoing research by missions associated with QSAP.

Read More

Press Conference on the Reopening of Burial Chamber
in Pyramid 9 of Begrawiya

The royal city of Meroe, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in the Northern State of Sudan, hosted a press conference held on the occasion of reopening the burial chamber of Pyramid 9 in Bagrawiya.

Read More

Ceramics and Jewelry uncovered by the Polish Mission
(QSAP12) in the Grave Mounds of Zuma

Mission QSAP-12 from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, affiliated with Warsaw University, is currently working at Zuma in the Northern State, 390km north of Khartoum on a project entitled “Early Makuria”. Currently, its work concentrates on a large cemetery consisting of 29 grave mounds.

Read More

A Look at the Italian Mission working on the Palatial Area
North of the Temple of Amun in Jebel Barkal (QSAP 34)

The area of the investigation originally proposed by the Italian Archaeological Mission in Sudan corresponds to a specific sector of ancient capital of Napata, about 325 km north of Khartoum: here, king Natakamani, the ruler of the Meroitic empire at the beginning of the 1st century CE planned an impressive, new royal district, decidedly leaving behind the older palaces built during the Napatan period in the 1st millennium BCE.

Read More


UCL Qatar has presented to the Museum of Islamic Art library and Qatar National Library a new children’s book that brings to life innovative and ground breaking archaeological work being done at the ancient Royal City of Meroe, as part of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project (QSAP).

Read More

A 2600 Year-old Statue of King Aspelta from Dangeil

In Dangeil on the Nile, about 250km north of Khartoum, NCAM and QSAP Mission19 (British Museum) have been excavating a temple dedicated to Amun during the past years. Over the last months, inscribed fragments of a statue where discovered in the temple that now allow the reconstruction of a formerly half life-sized statue. The statue’s head had already been recovered in 2008.

Read More

New Discoveries in the Wadi Abu Dom by QSAP-16 (University of Münster)

Since 2009, the Wadi Abu Dom Itinerary (WADI) has been conducting a survey to map all pre-Islamic remains on both banks of the Wadi Abu Dom in the Bayuda desert situated in the great bent of the Nile north of Khartoum. Numerous sites have recently been identified, mostly very small sites consisting of single burials, shelters or camps ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to the medieval period.

Read More

News from QSAP-37 in Meroe (UCL-Qatar/NCAM) about this season

Throughout UCL Qatar’s autumn 2017 - spring 2018 field seasons at the Royal City of Meroe, work is continuing on several  strands of activity:

  1. Archaeological excavations and research
  2. Finds documentation
  3. Experimental archaeology
  4. Community archaeology

Read More

New Mural Paintings Discovered in the Monastery of Old Dongola

Over the last days, archaeologists of the Polish Center of Mediterranean Archaeology at the University of Warsaw (QSAP-31), have made an important discovery in the medieval monastery of Old Dongola on the Nile, more than 500km north of Khartoum. Old Dongola was the capital of the Christian kingdom of Makuria between the 6th and the 13th centuries CE, and a large fortress, palace as well as several churches bear witness to its former power and wealth.

Read More

A new Building in Naga: Temple 700

The site of Naga is situated 170km north of Khartoum and approximately 50km east of the Nile. During the period between ca. 400 BCE and 400 CE, it was one of the most important and largest sites of the Kushite empire. Since 1995 -and since 2013 with support from QSAP, a team of archaeologists from the Munich State Museum of Egyptian Art has been conducting excavations and conservation work at Naga. After finishing their work at the Amuntemple, Liontemple, "Hathorchapel and Temple 200, the team decided to proceed to the middle part of the site which had remained untouched until now. In 2017-18, “Building 700” was chosen to be excavated because collapsed columns were visible on the surface at the start.

Read More

New Finds on the Cemetery of Kerma by the Swiss Archaeological Mission

The Swiss team from the University of Neuchatel has been working in Kerma, ca. 700km north of Khartoum, since 2002, and in 2013, the mission joined the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project. In January 2018, the excavation concentrated on the so-called Eastern Cemetery, dateable to the end of Early Kerma period (2500-1500 BCE), a period 4000 years ago, during which the city was the center of an important empire. The excavation attempted to identify precisely at which moment in time the first royal graves of this civilisation apeared. Among the 27 graves studied, two of them were exceptional.

Read More

The Rehabilitation of the Museum of Kerma

The Swiss mission from the University of Neuchatel has been working in Kerma. The finds from Kerma, the center of a Nubian empire more than 4000 years ago, finally found an appropriate exhibition space in a newly built local museum.

Read More

QSAP-19: New Finds from Dangeil

Dangeil is located 350 km north of Khartoum. It was an important and powerful royal city during the Kushite Period (7th century BCE to 4th century CE) and is strategically situated at the hub of several trade routes, including those originating from the Red Sea, circumventing the 5th Nile cataract, crossing the Bayuda Desert and coming from the gold mines in the Eastern Desert.

Read More

“Independence through the eyes of the ‘Kandake’”
 The 62nd Anniversary of Sudan’s Independence
on January 1st, 2018 in Meroe

Many inhabitants of the region of Bagraweya, ancient Meroe, use to celebrate the independence of their country and New Year by visiting the different archaeological sites at Meroe: the Pyramids and the Royal City. The regional office of archaeology and the Qatari Mission for the Pyramids of Sudan (QMPS) decided to make use of the gathering of large crowds to convey their educational message to the public. Hence, the mission joined the event and organized an Open Day on 1st January 2018 at the pyramids by organizing a lecture, and musical performances of local artists, a puppet play for children, and a comedy theatre for an audience of ca. 700 persons.

Read More

The Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project supports the Karmakol Festival
14 December 2017

Karmakol is a village on the Nile, approximately 330 km northwest of Khartoum and the birthplace of Tayeb Salih, arguably Sudan’s best-known novelist. Now it is also the place of a fascinating international artistic collaboration.

Under the patronage of the Sudanese and Swiss Commissions for UNESCO, the NGO “Swiss Initiative – Culture Projects Sudan,” began two years ago to create a joint venture, the Karmakol Festival, that was inaugurated on December 14th for the first time.

Read More

A Presentation of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project organized by the Qatari Embassy in Berlin and Qatar Museums
19 September 2017

At the invitation of Qatar’s ambassador to Germany, HE Sheikh Saoud Bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, the Division of Cultural Heritage at Qatar Museums together with the Qatari embassy organized a roundtable presentation and discussion on the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project at the embassy’s newly inaugurated cultural center “The Diwan” in Berlin-Zehlendorf. HE the Ambassador declared the Roundtable also to be part of the series of events celebrating the Qatar-Germany Year of Culture. 

Read More

Kirwan Lecture at the British Museum on the Work of the Qatari Mission for the Pyramids of Sudan
18 September 2017

The Kirwan Memorial Lecture is held in honor of Sir Laurence P. Kirwan, the first president of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society, who was active in Sudan’s archaeology throughout his life. The annual lecture is given by an eminent scholar or scholars in the field and is published in the next issue of the Society’s bulletin, Sudan & Nubia.

Read More

HH Sheikha Moza bint Nasser visits Sudan World Heritage Site
12 March 2017

On Sunday, 12th March, HH Sheikha Moza bint Nasser took part in a visit to a site of significant archeological interest in Sudan.  Accompanied by representatives from Qatar Museums, members of the Qatari embassy and media, HH Sheikha Moza visited a desert in Eastern Sudan, along the banks of the River Nile, that holds a collection of ancient pyramids – the Meroë pyramids, located in al- Bagrawiya. The Meroë pyramids have narrow bases and steep angles on the sides. They make up one of two World Heritage Sites located in Sudan, and are a major tourist attraction for the country.

Read More

Qatari Mission for the Pyramids of Sudan (QSAP-40) re-opens the tomb of one of the most ancient royal pyramids at Meroe / Sudan


For the first time in almost a century, the burial chambers of a royal pyramid at Meroe have been re-opened for documentation and archaeological research. The subterranean tomb, constructed sometime in the early 4th century BC for the Great Royal Wife, Queen Khennuwa, is situated about 6 meters below its pyramid. Its burial chambers were completely decorated with well-executed paintings and hieroglyphic texts, many of which are still preserved.

Read More

The Qatari Mission for the Pyramids of Sudan (QSAP-40) opens new entrance to the Meroe site and unveils new permanent exhibition
1 January 2017

The renewed and enlarged entrance to the royal cemeteries at Meroe/Begrawiya was inaugurated with the exhibition "The Pyramids of Meroe". A new showroom with interpretive panels was opened to the public and is now welcoming tourists informing them about the ancient necropolis and its famous pyramids.

Read More


More Articles ...




QSAP Sites

QSAP Publications




Copyright © 2013 Qatar Museums